Lands to Great Lakes

Lands to Great Lakes

Tuesday, 20 November 2012

That's a Wrap- 19th Annual A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium finished for another year



By Deborah Martin- Downs, Chair, 19th Annual A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium 

Two and a half days, 886 delegates, 156 speakers, 49 sessions, 46 exhibitors, – by all accounts the 19th Annual A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium was a great success!  Prescription for a Healthy Environment though delivered much more than that however.  It was the place to be in the conservation field.  We addressed all the current conservation topics and explored emerging topics – like this year’s focus on the relationships between health and the environment.  Speakers worked hard to bring the latest thinking from a broad range of disciplines and perspectives.

Our keynote Dr. William Bird of Intelligent Health U.K. showed us how place, people and purpose = wellbeing and the importance of walking faster than the grim reaper – 3 mph!  Dr. John Howard of Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment, taught us the ecosystem health model that includes social and environmental factors in treating patients. Terry O’Reilly, CBC showed us how influencing behaviour is about telling a story to reach the hearts and minds of your audience.

The delegates tore up the ice for the annual East vs West hockey Summit and 17 teams took to the halls of the Inn for the Amazing Race.  It was a tie on the rink and ‘Rock the Race’ won the race and $400!

Thursday we honoured four pioneers, John Sibbald, Jack Imhof, Peter Orphanos, and Scott Gillingwater for their extraordinary contributions to the environmental field. Twenty-one student posters were judged with Sara Dart taking first place.

The dream auction drew shoppers from all over the conference, raising almost $12,000 for the grant program.  The Drum CafĂ© raised our spirits and heart rates with an incredible 500 drums filling the dome with rhythm and sound.  The buzz was palpable for hours after.

On Friday, Dr. Samina Raja challenged the early morning risers to influence our food system policy so it that includes planning for eating in communities. We graduated 13 Young Conservation Professionals over lunch followed by a skype interaction with Ed Begley Jr. as he took us on a tour of his sustainable home and lifestyle. 

You may have noticed us moving to use more technology – including skype, mobile web site and tweeting (perhaps you were following me at @TopdogLatornell). There are still some kinks but new opportunities mean different ways of making the conference accessible.

We’re so glad you were able to join us – mark your calendars for next year’s 20th celebration on November 20-22nd 2013.



Deborah Martin-Downs is the Director of the Ecology Division at the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority and Conference Chair, of the 19th Annual A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium.

Friday, 9 November 2012

A nature-related prescription for happiness



By Dr. Elizabeth K. Nisbet, Assistant Professor of Psychology at Trent University

With the recent time change, even with the best intentions it's hard to get outside during daylight hours.  Finding a few moments to enjoy some nature time during a hectic work day is even more challenging when the temperature dips below zero.  This may be a difficult season - even for enthusiastic nature lovers - but keeping that connection to our natural world has a range of benefits (many of which are reviewed in Selhub and Logan's well-researched new book "Your Brain on Nature").

Environmental or 'conservation' psychologists try to unravel the mysteries of human behaviour - why some people are drawn to and enjoy nature while others prefer to avoid it. By using self-report surveys, it is possible to measure how connected or "nature related" people are. This concept of nature relatedness is similar to a personality trait, like an ecological self or sense of identity that includes the natural world.  As environmental problems worsen, more researchers are exploring these human-nature relationships to better understand how our connection (or disconnection) might influence how we treat our environment.  When people feel connected to something, they want to protect it.  And this is what we find when we measure nature relatedness; being more connected to the environment goes along with greater concern and ecologically friendly behaviour.  Nature relatedness is also good for our psyche.  That is, more nature related people tend to report being happier (disconnection from nature is associated with more negative moods).  For many people, the finding that nature can make us feel good is not exactly earth (no pun intended) shattering news.  Intuitively, we seem to know that nature can be healing, relaxing, and restorative. 

The physical and mental health benefits of nature contact (or the hazardous effects of 'nature deficits') are getting media attention, and even influencing political decisions (in 2010 U.S. President Obama called for research on how to reconnect Americans with the great outdoors).  What may be puzzling is that many people underestimate nature's benefits. 

My colleagues and I conducted a series of studies in which we asked people to predict how a short walk outdoors would make them feel; after 15 minutes of walking, we measured their mood again.  Compared to walking indoors, a brief stroll outside provided a significant happiness boost.  What surprised us was that even though people expected to enjoy being outdoors, it was much more pleasant than anticipated.  This underestimation of nature's mood boosting effects (even unspectacular nature, such as an urban park), may explain why we don't get outdoors more often. Battling the allure of technology and overcoming the seasonal challenges of Canadian weather is not an easy task, but new approaches to environmental education such as 'citizen science' hold promise for bringing together communities and fostering the awe, fascination, and curiosity that draws us outside and contributes to our well-being (you may enjoy that cold, crisp November air more than you think!). 

Psychologists are working to understand how our relationship with nature influences our psychological health and the health of the planet.  By finding ways to reconnect people with the natural environment, it's possible that we can inspire more conservation efforts for local green spaces.  And the good news is that this type of activity is likely to make us happy as well.  

To learn more about the research on individual differences in nature relatedness, happiness, and environmental behaviour, visit naturerelatedness.ca, or come to the "Mind Gains: Nature and your brain" session (TD3) on Thursday, November 15th, 2:00-3:30 pm with Melissa Lem (MD), Alan Logan (ND), and Elizabeth Nisbet (PhD).

Dr. Elizabeth K. Nisbet is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Trent University in Peterborough, an Adjunct Research Professor at Carleton University in Ottawa, and an avid (and happy) nature enthusiast. 

Wednesday, 7 November 2012

Best way to end a workout?



A big glass of our most precious resource: fresh, clean drinking water

By Bruce Ringrose, AgriINNOVATIONS

After my weekend ball tournament late last month, I enjoyed a tall glass of one of nature’s finest gifts: fresh, clean drinking water from my personal well. I am reminded continually of our great fortune here in Ontario to be so close to fresh water resources.  Ontario watersheds support a huge part of Canada’s population: more than 12 million people in cities, towns, and villages across the province. 

Southern Ontario’s Grand River Watershed alone supplies water for 39 municipalities and 1 million residents. Home to cities like Kitchener-Waterloo, this region also represents some of the province's most viable farmland. Growth in agriculture and other industries, along with sprawling residential development, has our dependence on natural resources at an unsustainable high. For all the differences of urban and rural cultures in the region, they are bound together by the common benefits—and responsibilities—that come with stewardship of the water upon which they depend. Water quality is intrinsically tied to our health and prosperity—and to our local food supply, from the land that it grows on to when it’s served at my family’s table.

How will Ontario’s diverse municipalities work together to preserve our water resources and support our farmers, while also expanding developments that create jobs and economic growth? Well, we’ve got policies, plans, frameworks, roadmaps, and strategies. None of them will function to their highest potential without a clear and true commitment to active collaboration and consensus. A concerted effort is the best-suited prescription to resolving the practical problems we face in meeting our stewardship goals. 

I am fortunate to be a leading partner in a collaborative project to bring new agricultural practices into use on farms in the Grand River Watershed. AgriINNOVATIONS, a division of Ottawa-based ClimateCHECK, has taken a “social innovation” approach to resolving the practical issues around farm practices and water quality. Put another way, our approach centres on finding the best social solutions to mobilize economic, environmental and social benefits. With funding from the Ontario Centres of Excellence Social Innovation Program and the Canadian Fertilizer Institute, we’re developing resources to boost the adoption of better and more sustainable fertilizer usage on farms. With online tools, such as the CFI’s GrowZone online training program, and the secure web forums of our Collaborase platform, we’re looking at these critical issues from a fresh perspective. 

Our Grand River Watershed effort is a pilot project, which we hope to expand to other watersheds of Ontario. Our pilot launched this past August thanks to the pooled talents of our expert and energetic team representing farm groups, municipalities, scientists, fertilizer retailers, and of course the Grand River Conservation Authority. We’ll report our findings in late 2013. To read more, visit: https://collaborase.com/farming4rwatershed visit and attend our free technical workshop and panel discussion set for Nov. 22 in Kitchener, Ontario (see web site for details).

When it comes to the large and often serious challenges of water stewardship, I ascribe to a decidedly positive outlook. Consider Margaret Mead’s inspiring adage: 

“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has.”

Bruce Ringrose is Vice-President of Buisness Development at AgriINNOVATIONS, a division of ClimateCHECK.  AgriINNOVATIONS combines subject matter expertise and web-based solutions to engage with agricultural experts to create content and to enable mobilization of this knowledge to achieve sustainable agricultural intensification. Bruce lives in a rural Eastern Ontario community with privately owned wells experiencing urban sprawl and aggregate resource extraction.

Monday, 5 November 2012

Pigs in Kenya- Miracle Workers



By Natalie Carter, PhD Student, University of Guelph
 
Investment vehicles, waste management systems, providers of tuition and healthcare costs, improvers of food security, enabler of climate change adaptation, enhancers of soil structure, fertility, and water-carrying capacity and, accessible to even the most disadvantaged members of society. What miracle worker is this? Pigs on smallholder farms in Kenya.

My PhD work involves developing feed rations for pigs on smallholder farms in the western province of Kenya. No it's not an attachment to pigs, or a burning desire to collect samples of unappetizing waste products fed to pigs (such as cattle blood and the contents of cattle stomachs) so that nutrient analyses can be done on them. It's because pigs, when fed natural renewable resources, provide money for healthcare, education, and food security, while making nutrient rich manure.

Resource-poor-subsistence farmers in Western Kenya grow all they can to feed their families on their less than 1 hectare of land. While primary education is provided by the government, parents must purchase uniforms and supplies. Many parents can not afford that so over 1 million primary aged kids in Kenya are not in school (UNESCO). Secondary education is never free. Parents pay about $150 per year for public day school and about $2,000 per year for private boarding school (where the quality of education is much better. Just 23% of high school aged kids are enrolled in high school (UNESCO). Incredible. Over 15% of people in Western Kenya have HIV. Studies show that education reduces the incidence of HIV/AIDS and treatment reduces transmission. Many smallholder farm families can’t afford education or treatment, so you see the problem. And I haven’t even mentioned malaria, typhoid, cholera, diabetes, high blood pressure, tumours, childbirth, tooth cavities, car accidents…you get the point.

This is where pigs come in.

The small land base needed, purchase price, and amount of feed they need, are often within the means of these farmers living on less than $1 U.S. per day. Pigs are piggy banks. Farmers own 1 or 2 pigs and feed them leftovers, waste from the floors of grist mills where grains are ground for flour, cattle blood and rumen contents, cassava, and weeds; investing small amounts in feed each day and selling pigs when medical emergencies arise or school fees are due (Dewey et al., 2011).  With no pig to sell, school and healthcare are often inaccessible.

Pigs are efficient waste managers; consuming slaughter and grist mill by-products and converting renewable natural resources like weeds and vegetables into meat and manure; providing income for farmers and butchers, improving food security and the nutritional status of communities while providing manure that improves soil fertility, structure, and water-carrying capacity.

Lately crop failure is common due to erratic growing conditions; dry seasons are longer and are followed by uncharacteristically heavy rains, making successful harvests rare. When crop failures happen, diversification ie. owning a pig means there is money for food, school, and healthcare.  

Spending the next two years of my life, finding economically feasible ways for farmers to better feed their pigs; making use of waste products and renewable natural resources, which are converted into meat for the community, manure for the farm fields, and provide much needed money to pay for food, healthcare, and education, will be time well spent.

Natalie Carter is a PhD student (epidemiology) in the Dept. of Population Medicine at the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph.  She is an active member of the Ecohealth Club there, an interdisciplinary group of students and faculty interested in understanding and solving the big picture problems of human and ecological health.  In her spare time she leads the Tei wa Syana Community Initiative, a  community library and high school sponsorship program based in rural Kenya.